By Administrative Resolution No. 000133-2020-CEPJ dated 07-05-2020, the Judiciary approved the project for the use of the Electronic Table of Parties (MPE) and Digitization of Physical Files; whose main purpose is to facilitate the remote work of judges, jurisdictional assistants and litigants, facilitating the entry of writs, lawsuits, appeals to the different specialties that are enabled by the respective Superior Courts of Justice of Peru through the Portal of the Judiciary (www. pj.gob.pe), thus avoiding the influx of people to the different offices of the Judicial Branch and the possibility of contagion by COVID-19.
Nevertheless, it is convenient to remember that this technological tool of MPE dates from 2017, as part of the pilot plan of the Electronic Judicial File (EJE) implemented in some headquarters of the Judiciary; which unfortunately did not have the due reception, basically because of the following reasons : a) Lack of technological support for its implementation in the different Superior Courts of Justice of the Country, b) Not all the specialties in process were included, c) Requirement of Electronic ID or Digital Certificate, d) Requirement of electronic box granted only to lawyers, e) Lack of dissemination.
Currently, the Superior Courts of Justice enabled with the operation of the MPE in some specialties are: Lima, Lima Norte, Cajamarca, Ventanilla, Tacna; being that recently by Administrative Resolution No. 142-2020-CE-PJ the implementation of the EJE Pilot in the labor area has been extended to the Superior Courts of Arequipa, Cusco, Callao, Junín and Lima Sur.
But let’s see what this new re-launching of the use of the Judicial Power’s Electronic Filing Office “MPE” consists of, as established in Administrative Resolution N° 000133-2020-CE-PJ:
1.- When does it become effective?
The second article of the operative part of such resolution states that the use of the MPE will be from the resumption of the activities of the Judicial Branch, which was established by Administrative Resolution 129-2020-P-CE-PJ (Protocol for the return to work of the Judicial Branch), which provided, among others, the suspension of the procedural and administrative terms for 07 additional days after the end of the state of emergency.
It should be noted that the term of use will be until the regularization of the activities of the Judiciary, as can be deduced from the annex that is an integral part of the Administrative Resolution.
2.- What is required for access to the MPE?
2.1.- To have an Electronic Mailbox provided free of charge by the Judicial Branch. If you do not have it, you can generate it through the link: casillas.pj.gob.pe.
2.2.- Enter the password and user generated to obtain the electronic box, then you will access the online service of electronic part table.
3.- What procedures can be carried out by MPE?
Lawsuits, pleadings, appeals, appeals and other requests or applications for judicial proceedings in process can be entered or filed, either under the EJE electronic judicial file or under the physical (paper) NON-EJE file.
4.- What are the specifications of the MPE in the EJE Processes?
The new processes or lawsuits that are processed under the guidelines of the Electronic Judicial File (virtual support) are the following:
4.1.- The pleadings and lawsuits, as well as the respective annexes, must have an electronic signature.
4.2.- The originals of the executive titles or any other formal or material document that may have accompanied them, shall remain in the possession of the litigant under his responsibility, and must be signed electronically.
4.2.- The originals of the executory instruments or any other formal or material document that has been attached, shall remain in the possession of the litigant under his responsibility, and must be presented at the request of the judge.
4.3.- Exceptionally, during the term established in the resolution, scanned documents with the graphic signature of the party and the sponsoring attorney may be submitted. This situation must be regularized in person before the court, or by the need of the process by video conference that will be uploaded to the electronic file.
5.- What are the specifications of the MPE in NON-EJE Proceedings?
The new processes or lawsuits that are processed under the guidelines of the Physical Court File (paper support) are the following:
5.1.- Exceptionally during the term established in the resolution, in those venues where the EJE is not implemented, pleadings and their annexes may be filed with electronic signature. The court clerk will proceed to print and certify them as original documents, which will subsequently form part of the NON-EJE file.
The originals of the executory instruments or any other formal or material document that may have accompanied them will remain in the possession of the litigant under his responsibility, and must be presented at the request of the judge.
5.2.- Exceptionally, during the term established in the resolution, in proceedings in process of execution, scanned writings with graphic signature of the party and the sponsoring attorney may be submitted. The court clerk will proceed to print and certify them, which will later be added to the NON-EJE file.
This situation must be regularized in person before the court, or when the judge orders it due to the need of the process.
6.- What happens with the physical files?
In order to facilitate the remote work of judges and judicial assistants, physical (paper) files must be digitized or scanned and uploaded to the Integrated Judicial System (SIJ) or any other system authorized by the Judicial Branch; if the files are voluminous, the Judge or President of the collegiate will decide to scan the part that is useful for the decision making process.
Finally, it should be noted that the MPE will not be implemented for the time being in all the Superior Courts of Peru, nor will it be used for all specialties or matters, with the exception of the Superior Court of Lima; however, the substantial progress of this relaunching lies in the opening of access to the electronic table of parties for pleadings, lawsuits and their annexes, without the requirement of the electronic signature or record.